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What are SATs?

SATs are standardised assessment tests administered by primary schools in England to children in Year 2 and Year 6 to check their educational progress. They are one marker used by the government, and hence parents, of the quality of the education at a school. 
The setting and marking of SATs are carried out in UK schools by the Standards & Testing Agency.
KS1 SATs in Year 2
In Year 2, pupils may sit their KS1 SATs 2024 in:
  • Reading
  • Maths
They will also be assessed by their teacher on science, writing, and speaking and listening. This however is known as the teacher assessment, and it is not an official score for the SATs or national assessments.
KS2 SATs in Year 6
In Year 6 SATs are a more formal process of testing, and pupils will sit KS2 SATs 2024 in:
  • English Reading
  • English Grammar
  • Punctuation
  • Spelling
  • Maths
They will also be assessed by their teachers on subjects including speaking and listening, writing and, in some cases, science.

SATs Jargon Broken Down

This refers to the spelling, punctuation and grammar tests that form part of the SATs
National Curriculum Tests
This is the official government name for the SATs
National Standard
This is the level that pupils are expected to reach in their SATs, which is set at 100 for both KS1 and KS2
Floor Standard
 If under 65% of a school’s pupils meet the expected standard in reading, writing and maths, and fail to make sufficient progress in all three subjects, the school will be considered below the floor standard
Expected level/standard
A score of 100 means that a pupil is working at the expected standard
The DfE
This stands for the Department of Education, and this is the part of government that is tasked with all things education
Raw Score
This is the number of actual marks achieved on the test
Scaled Score
This is a score that is converted to allow SATs results to be compared year on year
Age-standardised Test Scores
This is a way to understand how pupils did compared with other pupils who were born in the same month
League Tables
League tables are produced by the Department for Education and they allow primary schools to be ranked by many different measures
 Are SATs compulsory?
KS2 SATs are compulsory for all Year 6 pupils (usually 11-year-olds) in England.
However, KS1 SATs for Year 2 pupils are optional. Year 2 pupils can be asked to sit SATs, but this is up to the school to decide whether or not to do these. Schools also do not have to report on the results for KS1 SATs.
In 2017 the Department for Education announced that the KS1 (Year 2) SATs will be made non-statutory from 2023 onwards. This means that from this year, schools will be able to choose themselves whether or not they administer the KS2 SATs to their Year 2 pupils.
Are SATs important?
SATs are a useful tool to see how well a pupil has progressed from KS1 to KS2. They also give secondary schools a base to compare against when a pupil leaves key stage 2 and enters key stage 3.
SATs are often used by secondary schools to set for maths and English. Many secondary schools look at Year 6 SATs results as part of the decision process when grouping pupils into sets or streams. Alongside Year 7 CAT exams, SATs results can help a secondary school to put pupils in the right set.
When are the SATs results released?
The time the SATs results come out each year varies depending on the Key Stage, the school and a number of other factors. 
When will the KS1 SATs results 2024 come out?
For Key Stage 1 children, SATs results day varies from school to school. As the papers at KS1 are marked internally by teachers in accordance with the mark scheme provided by the Standards and Testing Agency, it is up to schools to decide when and if they share the results.
Schools are not obliged to share the results of these tests with parents, but many include a summary of them in the end of year report.
When do the KS2 SATs results 2024 come out?
For Key Stage 2 children, SATs results will normally be released the first two weeks of July.
By this date papers will have been marked by the external examiners, the raw marks converted into a scaled score and made available to parents. Pupils will be told whether or not they have met the expected standard along with both versions of their score. As well as this, the school will share how their results compare to the national average.